CopyWebpackPlugin

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Copies individual files or entire directories, which already exist, to the build directory.

Getting Started

To begin, you'll need to install copy-webpack-plugin:

npm install copy-webpack-plugin --save-dev

Then add the plugin to your webpack config. For example:

webpack.config.js

const CopyPlugin = require("copy-webpack-plugin");

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        { from: "source", to: "dest" },
        { from: "other", to: "public" },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

ℹ️ copy-webpack-plugin is not designed to copy files generated from the build process; rather, it is to copy files that already exist in the source tree, as part of the build process.

ℹ️ If you want webpack-dev-server to write files to the output directory during development, you can force it with the writeToDisk option or the write-file-webpack-plugin.

ℹ️ You can get the original source filename from Asset Objects.

Options

The plugin's signature:

webpack.config.js

const CopyPlugin = require("copy-webpack-plugin");

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        { from: "source", to: "dest" },
        { from: "other", to: "public" },
      ],
      options: {
        concurrency: 100,
      },
    }),
  ],
};

Patterns

Name Type Default Description
from {String} undefined Glob or path from where we copy files.
to {String|Function} compiler.options.output Output path.
context {String} options.context || compiler.options.context A path that determines how to interpret the from path.
globOptions {Object} undefined Options passed to the glob pattern matching library including ignore option.
filter {Function} undefined Allows to filter copied assets.
toType {String} undefined Determinate what is to option - directory, file or template.
force {Boolean} false Overwrites files already in compilation.assets (usually added by other plugins/loaders).
priority {Number} 0 Allows you to specify the copy priority.
transform {Object} undefined Allows to modify the file contents. Enable transform caching. You can use { transform: {cache: { key: 'my-cache-key' }} } to invalidate the cache.
transformAll {Function} undefined Allows you to modify the contents of multiple files and save the result to one file.
noErrorOnMissing {Boolean} false Doesn't generate an error on missing file(s).
info {Object|Function} undefined Allows to add assets info.

from

Type: String Default: undefined

Glob or path from where we copy files. Globs accept fast-glob pattern-syntax. Glob can only be a string.

⚠️ Don't use directly \\ in from option if it is a glob (i.e path\to\file.ext) option because on UNIX the backslash is a valid character inside a path component, i.e., it's not a separator. On Windows, the forward slash and the backward slash are both separators. Instead please use /.

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        "relative/path/to/file.ext",
        "relative/path/to/dir",
        path.resolve(__dirname, "src", "file.ext"),
        path.resolve(__dirname, "src", "dir"),
        "**/*",
        {
          from: "**/*",
        },
        // If absolute path is a `glob` we replace backslashes with forward slashes, because only forward slashes can be used in the `glob`
        path.posix.join(
          path.resolve(__dirname, "src").replace(/\\/g, "/"),
          "*.txt"
        ),
      ],
    }),
  ],
};
For windows

If you define from as absolute file path or absolute folder path on Windows, you can use windows path segment (\\)

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: path.resolve(__dirname, "file.txt"),
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

But you should always use forward-slashes in glob expressions See fast-glob manual.

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          // If absolute path is a `glob` we replace backslashes with forward slashes, because only forward slashes can be used in the `glob`
          from: path.posix.join(
            path.resolve(__dirname, "fixtures").replace(/\\/g, "/"),
            "*.txt"
          ),
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

The context behaves differently depending on what the from is (glob, file or dir). More examples

to

Type: String|Function Default: compiler.options.output

String

Output path.

⚠️ Don't use directly \\ in to (i.e path\to\dest) option because on UNIX the backslash is a valid character inside a path component, i.e., it's not a separator. On Windows, the forward slash and the backward slash are both separators. Instead please use / or path methods.

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: "**/*",
          to: "relative/path/to/dest/",
        },
        {
          from: "**/*",
          to: "/absolute/path/to/dest/",
        },
        {
          from: "**/*",
          to: "[path][name].[contenthash][ext]",
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};
Function

Allows to modify the writing path.

⚠️ Don't return directly \\ in to (i.e path\to\newFile) option because on UNIX the backslash is a valid character inside a path component, i.e., it's not a separator. On Windows, the forward slash and the backward slash are both separators. Instead please use / or path methods.

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: "src/*.png",
          to({ context, absoluteFilename }) {
            return "dest/newPath/[name][ext]";
          },
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: "src/*.png",
          to({ context, absoluteFilename }) {
            return Promise.resolve("dest/newPath/[name][ext]");
          },
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

context

Type: String Default: options.context|compiler.options.context

A path that determines how to interpret the from path.

⚠️ Don't use directly \\ in context (i.e path\to\context) option because on UNIX the backslash is a valid character inside a path component, i.e., it's not a separator. On Windows, the forward slash and the backward slash are both separators. Instead please use / or path methods.

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: "src/*.txt",
          to: "dest/",
          context: "app/",
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

The context option can be an absolute or relative path. If context is a relative, then it is converted to absolute based to compiler.options.context

Also, context indicates how to interpret the search results. Further, he is considered in this role.

To determine the structure from which the found resources will be copied to the destination folder, the context option is used.

If from is a file, then context is equal to the directory in which this file is located. Accordingly, the result will be only the file name.

If from is a directory, then context is the same as from and is equal to the directory itself. In this case, the result will be a hierarchical structure of the found folders and files relative to the specified directory.

If from is a glob, then regardless of the context option, the result will be the structure specified in the from option

More examples

globOptions

Type: Object Default: undefined

Allows to configute the glob pattern matching library used by the plugin. See the list of supported options To exclude files from the selection, you should use globOptions.ignore option

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: "public/**/*",
          globOptions: {
            dot: true,
            gitignore: true,
            ignore: ["**/file.*", "**/ignored-directory/**"],
          },
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

filter

Type: Function Default: undefined

ℹ️ To ignore files by path please use the globOptions.ignore option.

webpack.config.js

const fs = require("fs").promise;

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: "public/**/*",
          filter: async (resourcePath) => {
            const data = await fs.promises.readFile(resourcePath);
            const content = data.toString();

            if (content === "my-custom-content") {
              return false;
            }

            return true;
          },
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

toType

Type: String Default: undefined

Determinate what is to option - directory, file or template. Sometimes it is hard to say what is to, example path/to/dir-with.ext. If you want to copy files in directory you need use dir option. We try to automatically determine the type so you most likely do not need this option.

Name Type Default Description
'dir' {String} undefined If to has no extension or ends on '/'
'file' {String} undefined If to is not a directory and is not a template
'template' {String} undefined If to contains a template pattern
'dir'

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: "path/to/file.txt",
          to: "directory/with/extension.ext",
          toType: "dir",
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};
'file'

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: "path/to/file.txt",
          to: "file/without/extension",
          toType: "file",
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};
'template'

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: "src/",
          to: "dest/[name].[contenthash][ext]",
          toType: "template",
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

force

Type: Boolean Default: false

Overwrites files already in compilation.assets (usually added by other plugins/loaders).

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: "src/**/*",
          to: "dest/",
          force: true,
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

priority

Type: Number Default: 0

Allows to specify the priority of copying files with the same destination name. Files for patterns with higher priority will be copied later. To overwrite files, the force option must be enabled.

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        // Copied second and will overwrite "dir_2/file.txt"
        {
          from: "dir_1/file.txt",
          to: "newfile.txt",
          force: true,
          priority: 10,
        },
        // Copied first
        {
          from: "dir_2/file.txt",
          to: "newfile.txt",
          priority: 5,
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

transform

Type: Function|Object Default: undefined

Allows to modify the file contents.

Function

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: "src/*.png",
          to: "dest/",
          // The `content` argument is a [`Buffer`](https://nodejs.org/api/buffer.html) object, it could be converted to a `String` to be processed using `content.toString()`
          // The `absoluteFrom` argument is a `String`, it is absolute path from where the file is being copied
          transform(content, absoluteFrom) {
            return optimize(content);
          },
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};
Object
Name Type Default Description
transformer {Function} undefined Allows to modify the file contents.
cache {Boolean|Object} false Enable transform caching. You can use transform: { cache: { key: 'my-cache-key' } } to invalidate the cache.
transformer

Type: Function Default: undefined

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: "src/*.png",
          to: "dest/",
          // The `content` argument is a [`Buffer`](https://nodejs.org/api/buffer.html) object, it could be converted to a `String` to be processed using `content.toString()`
          // The `absoluteFrom` argument is a `String`, it is absolute path from where the file is being copied
          transform: {
            transformer(content, absoluteFrom) {
              return optimize(content);
            },
          },
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: "src/*.png",
          to: "dest/",
          transform: {
            transformer(content, path) {
              return Promise.resolve(optimize(content));
            },
          },
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};
cache

Type: Boolean|Object Default: false

webpack.config.js

Enable/disable and configure caching. Default path to cache directory: node_modules/.cache/copy-webpack-plugin.

Boolean

Enables/Disable transform caching.

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: "src/*.png",
          to: "dest/",
          transform: {
            transformer(content, path) {
              return optimize(content);
            },
            cache: true,
          },
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};
Object

Enables transform caching and setup cache directory and invalidation keys.

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: "src/*.png",
          to: "dest/",
          transform: {
            transformer(content, path) {
              return optimize(content);
            },
            cache: {
              directory: path.resolve(__dirname, "cache-directory"),
              keys: {
                // May be useful for invalidating cache based on external values
                // For example, you can invalid cache based on `process.version` - { node: process.version }
                key: "value",
              },
            },
          },
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

You can setup invalidation keys using a function.

Simple function:

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: "src/*.png",
          to: "dest/",
          transform: {
            transformer(content, path) {
              return optimize(content);
            },
            cache: {
              directory: path.resolve(__dirname, "cache-directory"),
              keys: (defaultCacheKeys, absoluteFrom) => {
                const keys = getCustomCacheInvalidationKeysSync();

                return {
                  ...defaultCacheKeys,
                  keys,
                };
              },
            },
          },
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

Async function:

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: "src/*.png",
          to: "dest/",
          transform: {
            transformer(content, path) {
              return optimize(content);
            },
            cache: {
              directory: path.resolve(__dirname, "cache-directory"),
              keys: async (defaultCacheKeys, absoluteFrom) => {
                const keys = await getCustomCacheInvalidationKeysAsync();

                return {
                  ...defaultCacheKeys,
                  keys,
                };
              },
            },
          },
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

transformAll

类型:Function 默认值:undefined

允许你去更改多个文件的内容,并将结果保存到一个文件中。

ℹ️ 必须指定 to 配置项为一个文件。只允许使用 [contenthash][fullhash] 模板字符串。

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: "src/**/*.txt",
          to: "dest/file.txt",
          // `assets` 参数是一个符合 pattern.from ("src/**/*.txt") 静态资源数组。
          transformAll(assets) {
            const result = assets.reduce((accumulator, asset) => {
              // 静态资源内容可以使用 `source` 方法从 `asset.source` 中获取。
              // 静态资源内容是一个 [`Buffer`](https://nodejs.org/api/buffer.html) 对象,可以使用 `content.toString()` 将其转为 `String`
              const content = asset.data;

              accumulator = `${accumulator}${content}\n`;
              return accumulator;
            }, "");

            return result;
          },
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

noErrorOnMissing

Type: Boolean Default: false

Doesn't generate an error on missing file(s);

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: path.resolve(__dirname, "missing-file.txt"),
          noErrorOnMissing: true,
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

info

Type: Object|Function<Object> Default: undefined

Allows to add assets info.

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        "relative/path/to/file.ext",
        {
          from: "**/*",
          // Terser skip this file for minimization
          info: { minimized: true },
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        "relative/path/to/file.ext",
        {
          from: "**/*",
          // Terser skip this file for minimization
          info: (file) => ({ minimized: true }),
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

Options

Name Type Default Description
concurrency {Number} 100 Limits the number of simultaneous requests to fs

concurrency

limits the number of simultaneous requests to fs

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [...patterns],
      options: { concurrency: 50 },
    }),
  ],
};

Examples

Different variants from (glob, file or dir).

Take for example the following file structure:

src/directory-nested/deep-nested/deepnested-file.txt
src/directory-nested/nested-file.txt
From is a Glob

Everything that you specify in from will be included in the result:

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: "src/directory-nested/**/*",
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

Result:

src/directory-nested/deep-nested/deepnested-file.txt,
src/directory-nested/nested-file.txt

If you want only content src/directory-nested/, you should only indicate glob in from. The path to the folder in which the search should take place, should be moved to context.

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: "**/*",
          context: path.resolve(__dirname, "src", "directory-nested"),
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

Result:

deep-nested/deepnested-file.txt,
nested-file.txt
From is a Dir

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: path.resolve(__dirname, "src", "directory-nested"),
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

Result:

deep-nested/deepnested-file.txt,
nested-file.txt

Technically, this is **/* with a predefined context equal to the specified directory.

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: "**/*",
          context: path.resolve(__dirname, "src", "directory-nested"),
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

Result:

deep-nested/deepnested-file.txt,
nested-file.txt
From is a File
module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: path.resolve(
            __dirname,
            "src",
            "directory-nested",
            "nested-file.txt"
          ),
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

Result:

nested-file.txt

Technically, this is a filename with a predefined context equal to path.dirname(pathToFile).

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: "nested-file.txt",
          context: path.resolve(__dirname, "src", "directory-nested"),
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

Result:

nested-file.txt

Ignoring files

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: path.posix.join(
            path.resolve(__dirname, "src").replace(/\\/g, "/"),
            "**/*"
          ),
          globOptions: {
            ignore: [
              // Ignore all `txt` files
              "**/*.txt",
              // Ignore all files in all subdirectories
              "**/subdir/**",
            ],
          },
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

Flatten copy

Removes all directory references and only copies file names.

⚠️ If files have the same name, the result is non-deterministic.

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: "src/**/*",
          to: "[name][ext]",
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

Result:

file-1.txt
file-2.txt
nested-file.txt

Copy in new directory

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          // When copying files starting with a dot, must specify the toType option
          // toType: "file",
          to({ context, absoluteFilename }) {
            return `newdirectory/${path.relative(context, absoluteFilename)}`;
          },
          from: "directory",
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

Result:

"newdirectory/file-1.txt",
"newdirectory/nestedfile.txt",
"newdirectory/nested/deep-nested/deepnested.txt",
"newdirectory/nested/nestedfile.txt",

Skip running JavaScript files through a minimizer {#skiprunningjavaScriptfilesthroughaminimizer}

Useful if you need to simply copy *.js files to destination "as is" without evaluating and minimizing them using Terser.

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        "relative/path/to/file.ext",
        {
          from: "**/*",
          // Terser skip this file for minimization
          info: { minimized: true },
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};
yarn workspaces and monorepos {yarnworkspacesandmonorepos}

当时用 yarn workspaces 或者 monorepos 时,由于包提升方式不同,node_modules 的相对复制路径可能会失效。 为了避免这种情况,请使用 require.resolve 指定复制路径。

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: [
        {
          from: `${path.dirname(
            require.resolve(`${moduleName}/package.json`)
          )}/target`,
          to: "target",
        },
      ],
    }),
  ],
};

Contributing

Please take a moment to read our contributing guidelines if you haven't yet done so.

CONTRIBUTING

License

MIT